Splenda Might Cause Crohn’s Disease Inflammation

“Splenda might have pro-inflammatory implications only if consumers have susceptibility to CD, potentially aggravating the severity of symptoms and flare-ups, which would be in agreement with observations reported by IBD patients” –Alex Rodrigues-Palacios and colleagues

It is no secret that people with IBD manage complex and shifting diets depending on their personal symptoms and disease state. But, new evidence suggests that all patient’s who suffer from Crohn’s disease might want to consider avoiding Splenda. A recent press release from Case Western Reserve, says that a recent study by researchers found that “the artificial sweetener sucralose, known by the brand name Splenda, worsens gut inflammation in mice with Crohn’s disease, but had no substantive effect on those without the condition.” In other words, the mice with Crohn’s had worse inflammation after the consumption of Splenda while the mice without Crohn’s had no significant inflammatory changes.

Why Might Splenda Increase Inflammation?

The research found two reasons for the link between Splenda and increased inflammation in the mice with Crohn’s.

  1. Splenda created increased growth of E. Coli which lead to increased bacterial penetration in them mice with Crohn’s disease.
  2. Splenda increased myeloperoxidase (an enzyme in white blood cells which kills microorganisms) activities in the mice with Crohn’s Disease.

What these two reasons together mean is that the E. Coli increased the myeloperoxidase activities as the mice’s bodies attempted to fight off the invasion. The pro-inflammatory disposition of people with Crohn’s disease resulted in the increased myeloperoxidase activity which resulted in inflammation and symptoms. As the study’s lead author Alex Rodrigues-Palacios, DVM, MSc, DVSc, Ph.D. notes “this study demonstrates that the sweetener induces changes in gut bacteria and gut wall immune cell reactivity, which could result in inflammation or disease flare-ups in susceptible people.”

Alternatives to Splenda

For patients with IBD natural sweeteners might be a safer alternative than Splenda. Healthline points out that Stevia, Erythritol, Xylitol, and Yacon Syrup are alternatives to Splenda and sugar. But, Erythritol, Xylitol, and Yacon Syrup can all cause digestive problems. Therefore, for patients with Crohn’s disease, colitis, and other gastrointestinal disorders the best bet might be Stevia or natural sweeteners such as honey, maple syrup, molasses, and coconut sugar.

The Study

You can Click on the link to access the full text of the study, The Artificial Sweetener Splenda Promotes Gut Proteobacteria, Dysbiosis, and Myeloperoxidase Reactivity in Crohn’s Disease–Like Ileitis

Further Reading

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Research Brief- Stem Cell Therapy for Perianal Fistulas

Fistulas and Crohn’s

Fistulas are sores or ulcers which tunnel through the intestine and into surrounding tissue. For many Crohn’s patient’s fistulas occur around the anus or rectum, but, they can occur throughout the digestive system. In an interview with the Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Dr. Julian Panes reports that 40% of patients with Crohn’s disease will be affected by fistulas at some point during the course of their disease.

Fistula Symptoms

The symptoms of the fistula depend on its location. In cases of a perianal fistula, swelling and pain are common symptoms. For some patients with a fistula between the bladder and rectum, urinary tract infections can occur. In other cases, waste can leak from the anus or vagina or seep through the abdominal wall.

Traditional Medical Approaches to Treating Fistulas

Unfortunately, fistulas are both painful and difficult to treat. Traditionally, patients with fistulas take antibiotics or immunosuppressants. But, in over 90 percent of patients who are treated with antibiotics, the symptoms recur, and the limited research indicates that immunosuppressants only help 25% of patients. If a patient is not responding to medication, they are referred for a surgical consult. But, surgery can be complicated, and in the case of perianal fistulas, incontinence can be caused due to sphincter muscle involvement.

Stem Cells

Stem cells offer new hope to Crohn’s patients with perianal fistulas. A safer option than surgery, stem cell therapy has been recently approved by the European Commission to treat complex perianal fistulas. For the treatment of fistulas, Alofisel (an allogeneic stem cell therapy) is a huge step forward as it is delivered via injection to the walls of the fistula tract and does not require surgery while at the same time healing the fistula and making remission possible.

Additional Reading